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1Abramson, Kara 2003. "Beyond consent, toward safeguarding human rights: implementing the United Nations Trafficking Protocol" in Harvard International Law Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2 (2003): 473-502.General; Human Trafficking;
2Abruzzo, Margaret 2011. "Polemical Pain. Slavery, Cruelty and the Rise of Humanitarianism". The John Hopkins University Press.Abolition; General;
3Afeadie, Philip Atsu 2007. "Spoken Reminiscences of Political Agents in Northern Nigeria I" in History in Africa, No. 34 (2007): 1-30.Africa - West; General;
4Agiri, Babatunde 1981. "Slavery in Yoruba Society in the 19th Century", in Lovejoy, Paul L. "The Ideology of Slavery in Africa". London: Sage Publications.Africa - West; General;
5Al Qaddafi, Muammar 1975. "The Green Book". Tripoli: The World Centre for Studies and Research of The Green Book.General;
6Allain, Jean (ed.) 2012. "The Legal Understanding of Slavery. From the Historical to Contemporary", Oxford: Oxford University Press.Abolition; America - North; General; Human Bondage; Human Trafficking; Islam; Unfree Labour;
7Allain, Jean; Bales, Kevin 2012. "Slavery and its definition" in Global Dialogue, Vol. 14, No. 2, Summer/Autumn 2012: Slavery Today.General;
8Alpers, Edward A. 2003. "Flight to Freedom: Escape from Slavery among Bonded Africans in the Indian Ocean World, c. 1750–1962" in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 24, No. 2 (2003): 51-68.Africa - East; General;
9Alpers, Edward A. 2004. "The idea of marronage: Reflections on literature and politics in Réunion" in Slavery & Abolition, Vol. 25, No. 2 (2004): 18-29.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
10Anderson, Bridget 2007. "Motherhood, Apple Pie and Slavery: Reflections on Trafficking Debates, Centre on Migration, Policy and Society", Working Paper No. 48, University of Oxford.Domestic Labour; General; Human Trafficking; Unfree Labour;
11Andre, Ed C. 1899. "De l’Esclavage à Madagascar". Paris: Arthur Rousseau.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
12Androff, David K. 2011. "The problem of contemporary slavery: An international human rights challenge for social work" in International Social Work, Vol. 54, No. 2 (2011): 209-222.Emancipation; General; Slavery Today; Unfree Labour;
13Anstey, Roger 1975. "The Atlantic Slave Trade and British Abolition, 1760-1810", Atlantic Highlands: Humanities PressAbolition; Africa; Africa - West; America; Colonialism; General; History; Slave Trade;
14Aouad, Rita 2013. "Slavery and the situation of Black Morocco in the first half of the twentieth century" in Driss Maghraoui Ed., "Revisiting the colonial Past in Morocco". Oxon and new York : Routledge.Abolition; Africa - North; General; Race;
15Appiah, Kwame Anthony; Bunzl, Martin (eds) 2007. "Buying Freedom: The Ethics and Economics of Slave Redemption", Princeton: Princeton University Press.Abolition; Emancipation; General;
16Araujo, Ana Lucia 2009. "Living history: encountering the memory of the heirs of slavery". Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.General; Memory;
17Archer, Léonie J. 1988. "Slavery: And Other Forms of Unfree Labour". London: Routledge.General; Unfree Labour;
18Argenti, Nicolas 2010. "Things that Don’t Come by the Road: Folktales, Fosterage, and Memories of Slavery in the Cameroon Grassfields", in Comparative Studies in Society and History, 52(2), pp. 224–254.Africa - West; General; Memory;
19Arlacchi, Pino 1999. "Schiavi. Il nuovo traffico di esseri umani". Milano: Rizzoli.General;
20Armstrong, James 1984. "Madagascar and the slave trade in the seventeenth century" in Omaly sy Anio 17-19: 211-233.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
21Ashworth, John 1987. "The relationship between capitalism and humanitarianism" in The American Historical Review, Vol.92, No. 4 (1987): 813-828.Abolition; General;
22Austen Ralph, 2001. "The slave trade as history and memory". William and Mary QuarterlyAbolition; General; Memory;
23Baepler, Paul Michel 1999. "White slaves, African Masters, an anthology of American Barbary captivity narratives". Chicago: University of Chicago Press.America; General; Race;
24Bales, Kevin 2005. "Understanding global slavery: a reader", Berkeley, Calif.; London: University of California Press.General; Human Bondage; Human Trafficking; Slavery Today; Unfree Labour;
25Banaji, Jairus 2003. "The Fictions of Free Labour: Contract, Coercion and So-Called Unfree Labour", in Historical Materialism, Vol.11, No. 3 (2003): 69-95.General; Unfree Labour;
26Banaji, Jairus 2010. "Theory as History: Essays on Modes of Production and Exploitation". Leiden: Brill.General; Unfree Labour;
27Baptiste, Espelencia Marie 2003. "A Nation Deferred: Language, Ethnicity and the Reproduction of Social Inequalities in Mauritian Primary Schools". Diss. Johns Hopkins University.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
28Baptiste, Espelencia Marie 2012. "How Citizens are Produced and Ethnicity is Maintained in Post-colonial Mauritius, with Special Attention to the Creoles: An Anthropological Study". New York: Edwin Mellen Press.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
29Barth, Heinrich 1857. "Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa: being a Journal of an Expedition undertaken under the Auspices of H.B.M.’s Government, in the Years 1849–1855". New York: Harper & Brothers.Africa - Central; Africa - North; General;
30Baum, Richard 1999. "Shrines of the slave trade: Diola religion and society in precolonial Senegambia" Oxford and New York: Oxford University press.Africa - West; General;
31Baumann, Gerd; Gingrich, Andre 2004. "Grammars of Identity / Alterity: A Structural Approach". Oxford, New York: Berghahn Books.General;
32Bay, Edna G. 1983. "Servitude and Worldly Success in the Palace of Dahomey", in Robertson, Claire C.; Klein, Martin A. (ed.) "Women and Slavery in Africa". Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.Africa - West; General;
33Beach, Adam R. 2013. "African Slaves, English Slave Narratives, and Early Modern Morocco" in Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 46(3), 333-348.Africa - North; General; Race;
34Bellagamba, Alice; Greene, Sandra E.; Klein, Martin 2013. "African Voices on Slavery and the Slave Trade". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Africa - West; General;
35Bellagamba, Alice; Greene, Sandra E.; Klein, Martin 2013. "The bitter legacy. African slavery past and present". New Jersey: Markus Wieners Publisher Princeton.Africa - West; General;
36Bénot, Yves, 2003. "La modernité de l’esclavage", Paris: La Découverte.General;
37Bénot, Yves 2005. "Les lumiere, l’esclavage, la colonisation, Paris: La Découverte.General;
38Betts, Alexander 2010. "Survival migration: A New Protection Framework" in Global governance 16 (2010), 361-382.Abolition; General; State;
39Bhattacharya, Sabyasachi; Lucassen, Jan 2005. "Workers in the Informal Sector: Studies in Labour History", 1800–2000. Delhi: Macmillan Publishers India.Africa - Central; Asia; Asia - South; Domestic Labour; General; History;
40Bormans, Christophe 1996. "Esclavage moderne et idéologie antique" in Revue Tiers-Monde, Vol. 37, No.148 (1996): 787-802.General; Human Bondage;
41Botte, Roger 2000. "De l’esclavage et du daltonisme dans les sciences socials. Avant-propos" in Journal des africanistes, Vol. 70, No. 1-2 (2000): 7-42.General;
42Botte, Roger (a cura di) 2000. "L’ombre portée de l’esclavage: métamorphoses de l’oppression sociale", numéro spécial, Journal des Africanistes, 70: 1-2.Abolition; Emancipation; General;
43Botte, Roger 2002. "Le spectre de l’esclavage " in Les Temps moderns, No. 620-621(2002): 145-164.General; Slavery Today;
44Boutang, Moulier Y. 2002. "Dalla schiavitù al lavoro salariato". Roma: Manifestolibri.Exploitation; General; History;
45Brass, Tom; van der Linden, Marcel (eds.) 1997. "Free and Unfree Labour: The debate Continues". New York: Peter Lang Publishing.General; Unfree Labour;
46Brass, Tom 1999. "Towards a Comparative Political Economy of Unfree Labour: Case Studies and Debates", London: Frank Cass PublishersGeneral; Unfree Labour;
47Brass, Tom 2003. "Why unfree labour is not 'so-called': The fictions of Jairus Banaji" in The Journal of Peasant Studies, Vol. 31, No. 1 (2003): 101-136.General; Unfree Labour;
48Brass, Tom 2009. "Capitalist unfree labour: A contradiction?" in Critical Sociology, Vol. 35, No. 6 (2009): 743–765.General; Unfree Labour;
49Brass, Tom 2011. "Unfree labour as primitive accumulation?" in Capital & Class, Vol. 35, No. 1 (2011): 23-38.General; Unfree Labour;
50Brown, Carolyn; van der Linden, Marcel 2010. "Shifting Boundaries between Free and Unfree Labor: Introduction" in International Labor and Working-Class History, Vol. 78, No. 1 (2010): 4-11.General; Unfree Labour;
51Brown, Christopher Leslie; Morgan, Philip D. (eds.) 2006. "Arming Slaves: from Classical Times to the Modern Age", New Haven, Yale University Press.General;
52Bunting, Annie 2012. "‘Forced Marriage’ in Conflict Situations: Researching and Prosecuting Old Harms and New Crimes" in  Canadian Journal of Human Rights, Vol.1, No.1 (2012): 165-185.Forced Marriage; General;
53Burgat, Florence 1998. "Esclavage et propriété" in L’Homme, No. 145 (1998): 11-30.Abolition; General;
54Campbell, Gwyn; Miers, Suzanne; Miller, Joseph C. 2005. "Women in western systems of slavery: Introduction" in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 26, No.2 (2005): 161-179.General;
55Campbell, Gwyn; Miers, Suzanne; Miller, Joseph C. 2006. "Children in European systems of slavery: Introduction" in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 27, No. 2 (2006): 163-182.General;
56Carchedi, Francesco; Mottura Giovanni; Pugliese, Enrico (eds) 2003. "Il lavoro servile e le nuove schiavitù". Milano: Franco Angeli.Europe; General;
57Coleman, Joseph Sterling 2008. "Gradual Abolition or Immediate Abolition of Slavery? The Political, Social and Economic Quandary of Emperor Haile Selassie I" in Slavery & Abolition. A Journal of Slavery and Post-Slavery Studies, Vol. 29, No. 1 (2008): 65-82.General;
58Comaroff, Jean; Comaroff, John 2003. "Ethnography on an awkward scale. Postcolonial anthropology and the violence of abstraction" in Ethnography, Vol. 4, No. 2 (2003): 147-179.General;
59Cooper, Frederick 1996. "Decolonization and African society: the Labor question in French and British Africa". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.General; State; Unfree Labour;
60Cooper, Frederick; Holt, Thomas C.; Scott, Rebecca J. 2000. "Beyond Slavery: Explorations of Race, Labor and Citizenship in Post emancipation Societies". Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press.Abolition; Africa - West; America; Emancipation; General; Race; State; Unfree Labour;
61Cotton, Samuel 1998. "Silent Terror: A Journey into Contemporary African Slavery". New York: Harlem River Press.Africa; General; Unfree Labour;
62Craven, Paul; Hay, Douglas 1994. "The Criminalization of ‘Free’ Labour: Master and Servant in Comparative Perspective" in Lovejoy, Paul E; Rogers, Nicholas (eds.) "Unfree Labor in the Development of the Atlantic World". Ilford: Frank Cass.General;
63Arnold J; Doni C, 2002 "USAID/Moldova Antitrafficking Assessment - Critical Gaps in and Recommendations for Antitrafficking Activities". Washington DC: USAID. Available at: Date access: 11 Dec. 2013.General; Human Trafficking;
64Cross, Hannah 2013. "Migrants, Borders and Global Capitalism: West African Labour Mobility and EU Borders". Abingdon: Routledge.Africa - West; Europe; General; State;
65Davis, David Brion 1966. "The Problem of Slavery in Western Culture", Cornell University Press.Abolition; America - North; Europe; General;
66Davis, David Brion 1975. "The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823", Cornell University Press.General;
67Davis, David Brion 1984. "Slavery and Human Progress", New York: Oxford University Press.Emancipation; General;
68Davis, David Brion 2000. "Looking at Slavery from Broader Perspectives" in The American Historical Review, Vol. 105, No. 2 (2000): 452-466.General;
69Davis, David Brion 2006. "Inhumane Bondage: The Rise and Fall of Slavery in the New World". Oxford: Oxford University Press.Abolition; America; America - North; General; History; Human Bondage;
70Delacampagne, Christian 2002. "Une histoire de l’esclavage. De l’Antiquité à nos jours", Paris: Librairie Général Française.General;
71Devitt, Camilla 2011. "Varieties of Capitalism, Variation in Labour Immigration" in Journl of Ethnic and Migration Studies, Vol. 37, No. 4 (2011): 579-596.Europe; General;
72Dottridge, Mike 2005. "Types of Forced Labour and Slavery-like Abuse Occurring in Africa Today. A preliminary classification" in Cahiers d’études africaines, No. 179-180 (2005): 689-712.Africa; Forced Labour; General;
73Drescher, Seymour 1977. "Econocide: British Slavery in the Era of Abolition". Pittsburgh: The University of Pittsburgh Press.Abolition; General; Slave Trade;
74Drescher, Seymour 1987. "Capitalism and Antislavery. British Mobilization in Comparative Perspective". New York: Oxford University Press.Abolition; General;
75Drescher, Seymour 2002. "The Mighty Experiment: Free Labour versus Slavery in the British Emancipation". New York: Oxford University Press.Abolition; Emancipation; Europe; General; History;
76Drew, Sandhya 2002. "Human trafficking: a modern form of slavery?" in European Human Rights Law Review, Vol. 4, No. 4 (2002): 81-492.General; Human Trafficking;
77Eltis, David 1987. "Economic Growth and the Ending of the Transatlantic Slave Trade", New York: Oxford University Press.Abolition; Africa - West; America; America - North; General; History; Slave Trade;
78Emmer, Piet C. (ed.) 1986. "Colonialism and Migration: Indentured Labour Before and After Slavery". Dordrecht: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.General; Unfree Labour;
79Engerman, Stanley L. 1993. "Chicken Little, Anna Karenina, and the Economics of Slavery: Two Reflections on Historical Analysis, with Examples Drawn Mostly from the Study of Slavery" in Social Science History, Vol. 17, No .2 (1993): 161-171.General;
80Engerman, Stanley L. 1999. "Terms of Labor: Slavery, Serfdom and Free Labor". Stanford: Stanford University Press.Abolition; General;
81Engerman, Stanley L. 2000. "Comparative approaches to the ending of slavery" in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 21, No. 2 (2000): 281-300.Abolition; General;
82Engerman, Stanley L. 2000. "Slavery at different times and places." in The American Historical Review , Vol. 105, No. 2 (2000): 480-484.General;
83Engerman, Stanley L. 2007. "Slavery, Emancipation and Freedom: Comparative Perspectives". Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.Emancipation; General;
84European Commission, 2002. "Brussels Declaration on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings". Brussels: EC. Available at: Date access: 10 Dec 2013.General; Human Trafficking;
85European Commission, 2004. "Report of the Experts Group on Trafficking in Human Beings". Brussels: Directorate-General Justice, Freedom and Security, EC. Available at:,%202004).pdf. Date access: 10 Dec. 2013.General; Human Trafficking;
86Fage, John Donnelly 1969. "Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Context of West African History" in Journal of African History, Vol. 10, No. 3 (1969): 393–404.Africa - West; General;
87Finley, M. I. 1964. "Between Slavery and Freedom" in Comparative Studies in Society and History, Vol. 6, No. 3 (1964): 233-249.General;
88Fitzgibbon, Kathleen 2003. "Modern-day Slavery? The Scope of trafficking in Persons in Africa" in African Security Review, Vol. 12, No. 1 (2003): 81-89.General; Human Trafficking;
89Freamon, Bernard. 1998. "Slavery, Freedom, and the doctrine of Consensus in Islamic Jurisprudence. Harvard Human Rights". Journal, Vol. 11 (1).General; Islam;
90Geggus, David 1989. "Sex Ratio, Age and Ethnicity in the Atlantic Slave Trade: data from French shipping and plantation records" in The Journal of African History, Vol. 30, 1: 23-44.Africa; America; General;
91Genovese, Eugene D. 1979. "Économie politique de l'esclavage". Paris: François Maspero.General;
92Goldenberg, David M. 2003. "The Curse of Ham: Race and Slavery in Early Judaism, Christianity, and Islam". Princeton, Oxford: Princeton University Press.General; Islam; Race;
93Goody, Jack 1979. "Slavery in Time and Space" in Watson, James L. (ed.) "Asian and African Systems of Slavery". Oxford: Basic Blackwell.Africa; General;
94Graeber, David 2006. "Turning Modes of Production Inside Out: Or, Why Capitalism is a Transformation of Slavery" in Critique of Anthropology, Vol. 26, No.1 (2006): 61-85.Abolition; General;
95Grant, Kevin 2005. "A Civilized Savagery: Britain and the New Slaveries in Africa, 1884-1926". New York: Routledge.Forced Labour; General;
96Greenberg, Kenneth S. 1996. "Honor and Slavery". Princeton University Press.General;
97Gupta, Tania D. et alii, "Race and Racialization. Essential Readings". Canadian Scholar's Press Inc.General; Race;
98Herrmann, Irène; Palmieri, Daniel 2005. "A haunting figure: the hostage through the ages" in International Review of the Red Cross. Vol. 87, No. 857 (2005): 135-145.General;
99Heuman, Gad; Burnard, Trevor (eds.) 2011. "The Routledge History of Slavery", London and New York: Routledge.General;
100Hofmeyr, Isabel 2007. "The Black Atlantic meets the Indian Ocean: forging new paradigms of transnationalism for the Global South–literary and cultural perspectives" in Social Dynamics, Vol. 33, No. 2 (2007): 3-32.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
101Honwana, Alcinda 2012. "The time of Youth. Work, Social Change and Politics in Africa" Sterling: Kumarian Press.General; Unfree Labour;
102Inikori, Joseph E.; Engerman, Stanley (eds.) 1992. "The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe". Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; America; Europe; General; Slave Trade;
103Joas, Hans 2013. "The Sacredness of the Person. A New Genealogy of Human Rights". Washington DC: Georgetown University Press.Abolition; General;
104Johnson, Kelli Lyon. "The New Slave Narrative: Advocacy and Human Rights in Stories of Contemporary Slavery" in Journal of Human Rights 12, no. 2 (2013): 242-258.General;
105Klein, Herbert S. 1983. "African Women in the Atlantic Slave Trade", in Robertson, Claire C.; Klein, Martin A. (ed.) "Women and Slavery in Africa". Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.General;
106Klein, Herbert S. 1999. "The Atlantic Slave Trade (New Approches to Americas)". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Africa - West; America; General; History; Slave Trade;
107Klein, Martin "Studying the History of Those Who Would Rather Forget: Oral History and the Experience of Slavery", History in Africa, 16 (1989), pp.209–17.General; Memory;
108Klein, Martin A. 1993. "Breaking the chains: slavery, bondage and emancipation in modern Africa and Asia". Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Abolition; Africa; Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; Asia; Asia - Central; Asia - Indian Ocean; Asia - Middle East; Asia - South; Asia - Southeast; Emancipation; General; Human Bondage;
109Klein, Martin A. 1983. "Women in Slavery in the Western Sudan", in Robertson, Claire C.; Klein, Martin A. (ed.) "Women and Slavery in Africa". Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.Africa - West; General;
110Klein, Martin A. 1998. "Slavery and Colonial Rule in French West Africa". Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Abolition; Africa - West; Forced Labour; General; State;
111Kopytoff, Igor; Miers, Suzanne 1977. "Slavery in Africa: historical and anthropological perspectives". Madison; London : University of Wisconsin Press.General;
112Kopytoff, Igor 1982. "Slavery" in Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 11 (1982): 207-230.General;
113Kopytoff, Igor 1986. "The Cultural Biography of Things: Commoditization as Process" in Appadurai, Arjun (ed.) "The Social Life of Things: Commodities in Cultural Perspective". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.General;
114Kopytoff, Igor 1988. "The Cultural Context of African Abolition", in Roberts, Richard; Miers, Suzanne (eds.) "The End of Slavery in Africa". Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press.Abolition; General;
115Kopytoff, Igor 1993. "The Anthropology of Slavery: The Womb of Iron and Gold by Claude Meillassoux Review" in American Ethnologist, Vol. 20, No. 2 (1993): 391.General;
116La Rocca, Simona 2003. "La schiavitù nel diritto nazionale e internazionale" in Carchedi, Francesco; Mottura Giovanni; Pugliese, Enrico (eds) "Il lavoro servile e le nuove schiavitù". Milano: Franco Angeli.General;
117Lacko, Frank; Gozdziak, Elzbieta 2005. "Data and Research on Human Trafficking: A Global Survey". Geneva: International Office for Migration. Available at: Date access: 05 Dec. 2013..Emancipation; General;
118Launay, Robert 1977. "Joking Slavery" in Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. 47, No. 4 (1977): 413-422.General;
119Lerche, Jens 2011. "The Unfree Labour Category and Unfree Labour Estimates: A Continuum within Low-End Labour Relations?" in Manchester Papers in Political Economy, Working Paper no. 10, University of Manchester. Available at: Date access: 06 Dec. 2013.General; Unfree Labour;
120Lindsay, Lisa A. 2008. "Captives as Commodities: The Transatlantic Slave Trade". Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.Africa; America; General; Race;
121Linebaugh, Peter; Rediker, Marcus 1990. "The Many-Headed Hydra: Sailors, Slaves, and the Atlantic Working Class in the Eighteenth Century". Journal of Historical Sociology 3 (1990).America; General;
122Lovejoy, Paul L. 1981. "Slavery in the Context of Ideology" in Lovejoy, Paul L. "The Ideology of Slavery in Africa", London: Sage Publications.General;
123Lovejoy, Paul 1987. "An Anthropology of Slavery/Anthropologie de l'esclavage: Le ventre de fer et d'argent by Claude Meillassoux Review by: Paul E. Lovejoy" in The Journal of African History, Vol. 28, No. 3, pp. 435-436.General;
124Lovejoy Paul, 1997 "The African Diaspora: Revisionist Interpretations of Ethnicity, Culture and Religion under Slavery", Studies in the World History of Slavery, Abolition and Emancipation, II, 1.America - North; General;
125Lovejoy, Paul 2000. "Identity in the Shadow of Slavery", London and New York: Continuum.General;
126Lovejoy, Paul. 1983. "Transformations in Slavery: A History of Slavery in Africa". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Africa - West; General;
127Manning, Patrick 1990. "Slavery and African Life. Occidental, Oriental and African Slave Trades". Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.General;
128McCuen, Gary 1998. "Modern Slavery and the Global Economy", Hudson: Gary E, McCuen Publications.General; Unfree Labour;
129Meillassoux, Claude 1975. "L’esclavage en Afrique précoloniale". Paris: Maspero.Africa - West; General;
130Meillassoux, Claude 1983. "Female Slavery" in Robertson, Claire C.; Klein, Martin A. (eds.) "Women and Slavery in Africa". Wisconsin: The University of Wisconsin Press.Africa; General;
131Meillassoux, Claude 1986. "Anthropologie de l'esclavage: Le ventre de fer et d'argent". Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.Africa; General;
132Meillassoux, Claude 1995. "Slaves Are Not Kin: Reply to Kopytoff" in American Ethnologist, Vol. 22, No. 2 (May), p. 410.General;
133Miers, Suzanne; Kopytoff, Igor 1977. "Slavery in Africa: historical and anthropological perspectives". Madison: London : University of Wisconsin PressGeneral;
134Miers, Suzanne; Roberts, Richard 1988. "The End of Slavery in Africa". Madison and London: University of Wisconsin Press.Abolition; General;
135Miers, Suzanne; Klein, Martin 1998. "Special Issue: Slavery and Colonial Rule in Africa Slavery & Abolition" in A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies 19(2).Abolition; Emancipation; General; State;
136Miers, Suzanne 2000. "Slavery to freedom in sub Saharan Africa: Expectations and reality" in Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies, 21:2, 237-264.General;
137Miers, Suzanne 2003. "Slavery: A Question of Definition" in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 24, No. 2 (2003): 1-16.Abolition; General;
138Miers, Suzanne 2003. "Slavery in the Twentieth Century: The Evolution of a Global Problem", Oxford: Rowman Altamira.Abolition; Emancipation; Forced Labour; Forced Marriage; General; Human Bondage; Race; Slavery Today;
139Miles, Robert 1987. "Capitalism and Unfree Labour: Anomaly or Necessity?". London: Tavistock Publications Ltd.Africa - Southern; Europe; General; Unfree Labour;
140Miller, Joseph C. 1985. "Slavery: a worldwide bibliography, 1900-1982". White Plains, NY: Kraus.General;
141Miller, Joseph C. 2003. "A Theme in Variations: A Historical Schema of Slaving in the Atlantic and Indian Ocean Regions" in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 24, No. 2 (2003): 169-194.General;
142Miller, Joseph C. 2012. "The problem of slavery as history: a global approach". New Haven: Yale University Press.General;
143Moore, Sally Falk 2005. "Comparisons: Possible and impossible." Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 34 (2005): 1-11.General;
144Morgan, Jamie; Olsen, Wendy 2009. "Unfreedom as the Shadow of Freedom: An initial contribution to the meaning of unfree labour", Manchester Papers in Political Economy, Working paper no. 02, University of Manchester. Available at: Date access: 06 Dec. 2013.General; Unfree Labour;
145Morice, Alain 2005. "« Comme des esclaves », ou les avatars de l’esclavage métaphorique" in Cahiers d'études africaines, No. 179-180 (2005): 1015-1036.General;
146Munck, Ronaldo 2002. "Globalization and Labour: The New ‘Great Transformation’". London: Zed Books.General;
147Nachtigal, Gustav 1978. "Sahara and Sudan", translated by Allan G. B. Fisher And Humphrey J. Fisher, London: C. Hurst; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press International.Africa - North; Africa - West; General;
148Nevinson, Henry Woodd 1906. "A Modern Slavery". London: Harper and Brothers Publishers.General;
149Ngothé, Gatta G. 2008. "Une brève histoire des droits de l’homme", in Cahiers d’histoire. Publication du Centre Al-Mouna, N° 15, N’djamena.General;
150Nieboer, Herman Jeremias 1910. "Slavery as an industrial system: ethnological researches". Leiden: Martinus Nijhoff.General;
151Northrup, David 1995. "Indentured Labor in the Age of Imperialism, 1834–1922", Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.General; Human Bondage; Unfree Labour;
152Owensby, Jackson J. 2011. "Slavery in the United States and Around the World". Kernesville: A-Argus Better Book Publishers.America; America - North; General;
153O’Neill, John 2011. "Varieties of Unfreedom". Manchester Papers in Political Economy, Working paper no. 4, University of Manchester. Available at: Date access: 07 Dec. 2013.General; Unfree Labour;
154Pandolfo, Stefania 1997. "Impasse of the Angels: Scenes from a Moroccan Space of Memory". Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Africa - North; General; Memory;
155Patterson, Orlando 1977. "Slavery" in Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 3 (1977): 407-449.General;
156Patterson, Orlando 1982. "Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study". Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.Africa; America; Asia - East; Europe; General;
157Patterson, Orlando 1991. "Freedom in the Making of Western Culture". New York: Basic Books.General;
158Patterson, Orlando 2008. "Freedom, Slavery, and the Modern Construction of Rights" in Joas H, Wiegandt K (eds.) "The Cultural Values of Europe". Liverpool: Liverpool University Press.Abolition; General;
159Patterson, Orlando 2011. "Trafficking, Gender & Slavery: Past and Present" in The Legal Parameters of Slavery: Historical to the Contemporary, Harvard Law School: The Hourston Institute.Forced Labour; General; Human Trafficking; Slavery Today;
160Pearson, Michael N. 2003. "The Indian Ocean". London: Routledge.Asia - Indian Ocean; General;
161Pétré-Grenouilleau, Olivier 2004. "Les traites négrières. Essai d’histoire globale". Paris: Gillimard.General; History; Slave Trade;
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