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1Ahmad, Abdussamad H 1999. "Trading in Slaves in Bela-Shangul and Gumuz, Ethiopia: Border Enclaves in History, 1897-1938" in The Journal of African History, Vol. 40, No. 3 (1999): 433-446.Africa - North; Islam; Race;
2Anderson, Lisa 1984. "Nineteenth Century Reform in Ottoman Libya" in International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3 (1984), 325-348.Abolition; Africa - North;
3Anti-Slavery Society for the Protection of Human Rights, 1978. "Child labour in Morocco carpet industry". London: The Society.Africa - North; Child Labour;
4Aouad, Rita 2013. "Slavery and the situation of Black Morocco in the first half of the twentieth century" in Driss Maghraoui Ed., "Revisiting the colonial Past in Morocco". Oxon and new York : Routledge.Abolition; Africa - North; General; Race;
5Aranda, Emanuel 1997. "Les captives d’Alger". Paris: JP Rocher.Africa - North;
6Arnaud, Gerald 2006. "Le nouvel esclavage des Gnawa", in Africultures 2(67), dossier Esclavage enjeux d-hier a aujourd’hui, 158/167.Africa - North;
7Barth, Heinrich 1857. "Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa: being a Journal of an Expedition undertaken under the Auspices of H.B.M.’s Government, in the Years 1849–1855". New York: Harper & Brothers.Africa - Central; Africa - North; General;
8Beach, Adam R. 2013. "African Slaves, English Slave Narratives, and Early Modern Morocco" in Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 46(3), 333-348.Africa - North; General; Race;
9Becker, Cynthia. 2002. "‘We are real slaves, real Ismkhan’: memories of the trans-Saharan slave trade in the Tafilalet of South-Eastern Morocco" in The Journal of North African Studies, Vol. 7 (4), 97-121.Africa - North; Memory;
10Bekkaoui, Khalid 2011. "White women captives in north Africa, narratives of enslavement, 1735-1830". Basinstoke, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.Africa - North;
11Benachir, Bouazza 2001. "Négritude du Maroc et du Maghreb". Paris: L'Harmattan.Africa - North;
12Bennett, Norman 1960. "Christian and Negro Slavery in Eighteenth-Century North Africa" in The Journal of African History, 1(1), 65-82.Africa - North; Race;
13Botte, Roger 2010. "Esclavages et abolitions en terres d'islam: Tunisie, Arabie saoudite, Maroc, Mauritanie, Soudan". Paris: André Versaille editeur.Abolition; Africa - North; Africa - West; Islam;
14Bouzid, Lamjed 2005. "Pouvoir et esclavage dans la régence de Tunis: les serviteurs des beys husseinites: XVII-début XIX siècles". Tunis: Centre de publication universitaire.Africa - North;
15Brown, Leon Carl 1967. "Color in Northern Africa" in Daedalus Vol. 96(2), Color and Race, 464-482.Africa - North; Race;
16Cheikh, Wedoud Ould 1993. "L’évolution de l’esclavage dans la société maure" in Bemus, Edmond; Boilley, Pierre; Clauzel, Jean; Triaud, Jean-Louis 1993. "Nomades et commandants. Administation et societies nomads dans l’ancienne A.O.F. ", Paris: Karthala.Africa - North;
17Cherkaoui, N. "Child Labour Blights Morocco Development." Magharebia [online] June 16, 2010. Available at http://www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/features/2010/06/16/feature-01.Africa - North; Child Labour;
18Cresti, Federico; Cricco, Massimiliano 2012. "Storia della Libia contemporanea. Dal dominio ottomano alla morte di Gheddafi". Roma: Carrocci Editore.Africa - North; Unfree Labour;
19Davis, Robert C. 2003. "Christian Slaves, Muslim Masters. White Slavery in the Mediterranean, the Barbary Coast, and Italy, 1500-1800". New York: Palgrave MacMillan.Africa - North; Europe; History; Islam; Slave Trade;
20De Dorantes, Estevan 2000. "The Moor or the Slave? The other Moroccan explorer of New Spain" in The Journal of North African Studies 5 (3).Africa - North; Islam;
21Deveau, Jean-Michel. 2011. "Esclaves noirs en Méditerranée" in Cahiers de la Méditerranée Vol. 65, 205-218.Africa - North; Race;
22Dunn, Ross 1971. "The trade of Tafilat: Commercial change in Southeast Morocco on the Eve of the Protectorate" in African historical Studies Vol. 4(2), 271-304.Africa - North;
23El Hamel, Chouki. 2002. "‘Race’, slavery and Islam in Maghribi Mediterranean thought: the question of the Haratin in Morocco" in The Journal of North African Studies Vol.7(3), 29-52.Africa - North; Islam; Race;
24El Hamel, Chouki. 2004. "Raça, escravidão e islã no marrocos: a questão dos haratín" Afro-Ásia Vol. 31, 9-37, Universidade Federal da Bahia.Africa - North; Islam; Race;
25El Hamel, Chouki. 2008. "Surviving Slavery: Sexuality and Female Agency in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth-Century Morocco" in Historical Reflections, Vol. 34 (1), 73-88.Africa - North; Domestic Labour; Islam;
26El Hamel, Chouki 2010. "The register of the slaves of sultan Mawlay islamil of Morocco at the turn of the eighteenth century" in The Journal of African History, Vol. 51(1) 89-98.Africa - North;
27El Hamel, Chouki 2013. "Black Morocco: A History of Slavery, Race, and Islam". New York: Cambridge University Press.Africa - North; Race;
28El Hamel, Chouki 2013. "Constructing a diasporic identity: tracing the origins of the Gnawa spiritual group in Morocco" in Journal of African History, 49, pp. 241–60.Africa - North; Islam; Race;
29El Hamel, Chouki 2013. "L’esclavage dans le pensée méditerranéenne" in Fauvelle-Aymar, François Xavier; Hirsch, Bertrand "Les ruses de l'historien: essais d'Afrique et d'ailleurs en hommage à Jean Boulègue", Paris: Khartala.Africa - North;
30El Ouafi, Amy Aisen, 2010. "The colour of Orientalism: race and narratives of discovery in Tunisia" in Ethnic and Racial Studies Vol. 33(2), 253-27.Africa - North; Islam;
31Emadi, Hafizullah 2012. "Libya: The Road to Regime Change" in Global Dialogue, Vol. 14, No. 2, Summer/Autumn 2012: Slavery Today.Africa - North;
32Ennaji, Mohammed 1994. "Soldats, domestiques et concubines: l'esclavage au Maroc au XIXe siècle".  Casablanca: Eddif.Africa - North; Domestic Labour; Islam;
33Ennaji, Mohammed 1998. "Serving the Master: Slavery and Society in 19th Century Morocco". New York: St. Martin's Press.Africa - North;
34Euro-Mediterranean Human Rights Network (EMHRN), "Asylum and Migration in the Maghreb - Country Fact Sheet: Morocco". December 2012, Available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/514d77c22.html [accessed 13 January 2014].Africa - North;
35Fisher, Allan G. B; Fisher, Humphrey J. 1970. "Slavery and Muslim Society in Africa: the Institution in Saharan and Sudanic Africa, and the Trans-Saharan Trade". London, Hurst.Africa - North; Africa - West; Islam;
36Fisher, H. J. 2001. "Slavery in the History of Muslim Black Africa". London: Hurst.Africa - North; Africa - West; Islam;
37Freedom House, 2005. "Women's Rights in the Middle East and North Africa – Morocco". 14 October 2005, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/47387b6d2f.html [accessed 13 January 2014].Africa - North; Asia - Middle East; Women;
38Friedman, Ellen 1983. "Spanish captives in North Africa in the early modern age". Madison Wisconsin, London: University of Wisconsin Press.Africa - North;
39Galland, Antoine, 1993. "Histoire de l’esclavage d’un marchand de la ville de cassis à Tunis". Paris: Ed La bibliothèque.Africa - North;
40Ghiati, Claude. 2011. "Le Maroc des voyageuses françaises au temps du Protectorat. Une vision (de) colonisatrices?" in Voyageuses et histoire(s) Partie 1/2 Genre & Histoire, (on line : http://genrehistoire.revues.org/1135).Africa - North;
41Goodman, David 2012. "Demystifying "Islamic Slavery": Using Legal Practices to Reconstruct the End of Slavery in Fes, Morocco" in History in Africa Vol. 39, 143-174.Africa - North; Islam;
42Goodman, David 2013. "Expediency, Ambivalence, and Inaction: The French Protectorate and Domestic Slavery in Morocco, 1912–1956" in Journal of Social History 47 (1),101–131.Abolition; Africa - North; Domestic Labour;
43Goodman-Singh, David 2002. "The space of Africanness: using Gnawa Music in Morocco as Evidence of North African Slavery and Slave Culture" in Journal of Asian and African Studies 64.Africa - North;
44Gratien, Chris 2013. "Race Slavery and Islamic law in the early modern Atlantic: Ahmad Baba al-Tinbukti's treatise on enslavement" in The Journal of North African Studies 18 (3), 454-468.Africa - North; Islam; Race;
45Hart, David M. 1984. "The Ait 'Atta of Southern Morocco: daily life & recent history". Middle East & North African Studies Press.Africa - North;
46Hell, Bertrand 2001. "L’Esclave et le saint: les Gnawa et la Baraka de Moulay Abdellah ben Hsein (Maroc)" in Centliveres, Pierre (ed.) "Saints, sainteté et martyre : La fabrication de l’exemplarité". Paris: Editions de la maison des sciences de l’homme, 149-174.Africa - North;
47Human Rights Watch, 2012. "Lonely Servitude: Child Domestic Labour in Morocco. New York: Human Rights Watch". Available at http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/morocco1012ForUpload_2.pdf.Africa - North; Child Labour; Domestic Labour;
48Human Rights Watch, 2012. "Morocco: Abuse of Child Domestic Workers Beatings, Little Pay or Rest, Weak Enforcement of Child Labor Laws". New York: Human Rights Watch. Available at http://www.hrw.org/news/2012/11/15/morocco-abuse-child-domestic-workers.Africa - North; Child Labour; Domestic Labour;
49Hunwick, J. 1999. "The same but different: Approaches to Slavery and the African Diaspora in the Lands of Islam" paper presented at the Workshop on Slavery and the African Diaspora in the Lands of Islam, 30 April- 2 May 1999, Northwestern University. Printed in Saharan Studies Newsletter, VII, pp. 2-9. Newsletter online. Archived.Africa - North; Islam;
50Hunwick, John. O. 1992. "Black slaves in the Mediterranean world: Introduction to a neglected aspect of the African Diaspora" in Slavery & Abolition Vol. 13(1), 5-38.Africa - North;
51Hunwick, John O. 1993. "African Slaves in the Mediterranean World: A Neglected Aspect of the African Diaspora" in J. Harris (ed.), Global Dimensions of the African Diaspora, Washington DC: Howard University Press.Africa - North;
52Hunwick, J. 1999. "Islamic Law and Polemics over Race and Slavery in North and West Africa, Sixteenth to Nineteenth Century" in Princeton Papers, Interdisciplinary Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, 7 (1999), pp. 43-68.Africa - North; Africa - West; Islam; Race;
53Hunwick, John O.; Powell, Eve Troutt 2001. "The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Muslim World". Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers.Africa - North; Asia - Middle East; History; Islam;
54Hunwick, John 2002. "The Same but Different: Africans in Slavery in the Mediterranean Muslim World" in "The African Diaspora in the Mediterranean Lands of Islam". ed. Hunwick, John and Troutt Powell, Eve. Princeton, N. J.: Markus Wiener.Africa - North; Europe; Islam;
55Hunwick, John; Troutt Powell, Eve 2002. "The African diaspora in the Mediterranean lands of Islam". Princeton, NJ: Wiener.Africa - North; Islam;
56Hunwick, John 2004. "The Religious Practices of Black Slaves in the Mediterranean Islamic World" in Paul E. Lovejoy (Ed.), "Slavery on the Frontiers of Islam". Princeton, Markus Wiener Publishers, pp. 149-171.Africa - North; Islam; Race;
57Ibrahim, Amira 2009. "Libya: A Critical Review of Tripoli’s Sub-Saharan African Policies". Situation Report: Institute for Security Studies. Available at: http://dspace.cigilibrary.org/jspui/bitstream/123456789/31021/1/23NOV09LIBYA.pdf?1. Date access: 08 Dec. 2013.Africa - North; State;
58Ilahiane, Hsain 2001. "The Social Mobility of the Haratine and the Re-Working of Bourdieu's Habitus on the Saharan Frontier, Morocco" in American Anthropologist, 103 (2), 380–394.Africa - North; Islam;
59Ilahiane, Hsain 2002. "Globalization is a good thing: French Colonial Opportunities and the rise of the haratine in Morocco" in Transnational law and contemporary problems, 109.Africa - North; Islam;
60Ilahiane, Hsain 2004. "Ethnicities, Community Making, and Agrarian Change: The Political Ecology of Moroccan Oasis". Maryland: University Press of America.Africa - North;
61Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, 1995. "Morocco: Information on the use of slaves/domestic servants in the Royal Palace in Fez". 1 September 1995, MAR21358.E, Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. Available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6abed70.html [accessed 13 January 2014].Africa - North; Domestic Labour;
62Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada,1999. "Morocco: Date of the abolishment of slavery in Morocco; whether descendants of ex-slaves are singled out in any way; and fate of the Palace household and grounds staff when King Mohamed V was in exile". 13 August 1999, MAR32476.E, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6ad6164.html [accessed 13 January 2014].Abolition; Africa - North;
63Inikori, Joseph E.; Engerman, Stanley (eds.) 1992. "The Atlantic Slave Trade: Effects on Economies, Societies and Peoples in Africa, the Americas, and Europe". Durham, NC: Duke University Press.Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; America; Europe; General; Slave Trade;
64Jankowsky, Richard 2010. "Stambeli: Music, Trance, and Alterity in Tunis". University of Chicago Press.Africa - North;
65Kapchan, Deborah 2007. "Traveling spirit masters: Moroccan Gnawa trance and music in the global marketplace". Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press.Africa - North;
66Klein, Martin A. 1993. "Breaking the chains: slavery, bondage and emancipation in modern Africa and Asia". Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.Abolition; Africa; Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; Asia; Asia - Central; Asia - Indian Ocean; Asia - Middle East; Asia - South; Asia - Southeast; Emancipation; General; Human Bondage;
67Laegueche, Abdelhamid. 2003. "The abolition of slavery in Tunisia: towards a history of the black community" in Stewart, Pamela and Strathern, Andrew. (eds). "The Abolition of Slavery". New York Berghahn Books.Africa - North; Race;
68Lahlou, Mehdi. 2009. "Child Labour in Morocco: the Socio-Economic Background of the "Little Maids" Phenomenon". Rabat: Ministry of Planning. Available online: http://www.araburban.org/childcity/Papers/English/Lahlou%20Morocco.pdf.Africa - North; Child Labour; Domestic Labour;
69Langlois, Tony. 1998. "The Gnawa of Oujda: Music at the Margins in Morocco" in The World of Music 40 (1), Music, the Arts and Ritual, 135-156.Africa - North;
70Lapassade, George 1976. "Les Gnaoua d'Essaouira : Les rites de possession des anciens esclaves noirs au Maghreb, hier et aujourd'hui". L’Homme et la societe, Vol. 39 (39-40), 191-215.Africa - North; Memory;
71Lemarchand, René (ed.) 1988. "The green and the black: Qadhafi's policies in Africa". Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.Africa - North; Race;
72Lewis, Bernard 1992. "Race and Slavery in the Middle East: An Historical Enquiry". New York: Oxford University Press.Africa - North; Asia; Asia - Middle East; History; Race;
73Lopez, Shaun T. 2012. "Race, Place and Soccer: Egypt, Morocco and ‘African’ identity in the competition to host the 2010 FIFA World Cup" in Soccer & Society 13(5), 639-652.Africa - North; Race;
74Mālikī, Nūr al-Dīn, 2003. "Razzia, butin et esclavage dans l’Oranie du XVIè siècle". Oran: Dar El Gharb.Africa - North;
75Meyers, Allen 1977. "Class, Ethnicity, and Slavery: The Origins of the Moroccan 'Abid" in The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 10 (3), 427-442.Africa - North;
76Meyers, Allen 1983. "Slaves, Soldiers and State Politics in Early'Alawi Morocco, 1668-1727" in The International Journal of African Historical Studies 16 (1), 39–48.Africa - North; Islam; State;
77Miers, Suzanne 2009. "The Anti-Slavery Game: Britain and the Suppression of Slavery in Africa and Arabia, 1890-1975" in Hamilton, Keith; Salmon, Patrick 2009. "Slavery, Diplomacy and Empire: Britain and the Suppression of the Slave Trade, 1807-1975". Eastbourne: Sussex Academic Press.Abolition; Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; Asia - Middle East; History;
78Mohamed, Mohammed Hassan 2010. "Africanists and Africans of the Maghrib: casualties of Analogy" in The Journal of North African Studies, 15:3, 349-374.Africa - North;
79Mohamed, Mohammed Hassan 2012. "Africanists and Africans of the Maghrib II: casualties of secularity" in The Journal of North African Studies, 17:3, 409-431.Africa - North;
80Mohamed, Mohammed Hassan 2012. "Between Caravan and Sultan: The Bayruk of Southern Morocco: A Study in history and identity". Leiden: Brill.Africa - North;
81Mohsen, Hamli 2011. "The 1890 legal wrangles over Sudanese slaves in Tunisia" in The Journal of North African Studies, 16(3), 421-429.Africa - North;
82Montana, Ismael Musah. 2007. "The Trans-Saharan Slave Trade, Abolition of Slavery and Transformations in the North African regency of Tunis", 1959-1846. York University (Canada).Abolition; Africa - North;
83Montana, Ismael Musah. 2009. "Bori Colonies in Tunis" in Mirzai, Behnaz A., Montana, Ismael ; Lovejoy, Paul Elleswoth (Eds.). "Slavery, Islam and Diaspora". Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, pp. 156-167.Africa - North;
84Moore-Harell, Alice. 2012. "Race and slavery in n the Middle East, Histories of Trans-Saharan Africans in Nineteenth-Century Egypt, Sudan, and the Ottoman Mediterranean" in Middle Eastern Studies 48(3), 469-47.Africa - North; Race;
85Morrison, Heidi 2009. "History of Child Labor in Algeria" in Hindman, Hugh D. (ed.) "The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey". New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 684-7.Africa - North;
86Morrison, Heidi 2009. "History of Child Labor in Lybia" in Hindman, Hugh D. (ed.) "The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey". New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.,687-90.Africa - North;
87Morrison, Heidi 2009. "History of Child Labor in Morocco" in Hindman, Hugh D. (ed.) "The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey". New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 691-2.Africa - North;
88Morrison, Heidi 2009. "History of Child Labor in north Africa" in Hindman, Hugh D. (ed.) "The World of Child Labor: An Historical and Regional Survey". New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc., 683.Africa - North;
89Moüette, Germaine. 2002. "Relation de captivité dans les royaumes de Fez et de Maroc". Paris: Mercure de France.Africa - North;
90Mowafi, Reda 1981. "Slavery, Slave Trade, and Abolition Attempts in Egypt and the Sudan, 1820- 1882". Stockholm: Esselte Studium.Abolition; Africa - East; Africa - North; History; Slave Trade;
91Mrad Dali, Inès 2005. "De l’esclavage a la servitude: Le cas des Noirs de Tunisie" in Cahiers d'études africaines 3(179-180), 935-956.Africa - North; Unfree Labour;
92Mühlberger, Wolfgang 2012. "Libya after Qadhafi. Reshaping the Political and Security Systems", in The Quarterly Journal, Vol. 11, No. 3 (2012), 1-20.Africa - North;
93Nachtigal, Gustav 1978. "Sahara and Sudan", translated by Allan G. B. Fisher And Humphrey J. Fisher, London: C. Hurst; Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanities Press International.Africa - North; Africa - West; General;
94Pandolfo, Stefania 1997. "Impasse of the Angels: Scenes from a Moroccan Space of Memory". Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Africa - North; General; Memory;
95Pâques, Viviana 1975. "Le tiers caché du monde dans la conception des Gnawa du Maroc". Journal de la Société des Africanistes Vol. 45 (45-1-2), 7-17.Africa - North; Islam;
96Pâques, Viviana 1991. "La religion des esclaves: recherches sur la confrérie marocaine des Gnawa". Bergamo: Moretti & Vitali.Africa - North; Islam;
97Pickerill, Emily 2011. "Informal and entrepreneurial strategies among sub-Saharan migrants in Morocco" in The Journal of North African Studies, Vol. 16(3), 395-413.Africa - North;
98Pliez, Olivier 1999. "La nouvelle Libya. Sociétés, espaces et géopolitique au lendemain de l’embargo", Paris: Editions Karthala.Africa - North;
99Remco, Ensel 1999. "Saints and Servants in Southern Morocco". Leiden: Brill.Africa - North;
100Savage, Elizabeth 1992. "The Human Commodity: Perspectives on the Trans-Saharan Slave Trade". London: Frank Cass.Africa - North; Africa - West; Islam; Slave Trade;
101Schlemmer, B. 2009. "Morocco: Why Children Go to Work Instead of School" in Hindman, Hugh D. (ed.) "The World of Child Labor: An Historic and Regional Survey". New York: M.E. Sharpe, Inc, 2009.Africa - North; Child Labour;
102Schroeter, Danielj 1992. "Slave markets and Slavery in Moroccan urban Society" in Slavery & Abolition 13(1), 185-213.Africa - North; Slave Trade;
103Sikainga, Ahmad A. 1990. "The Legacy of Slavery and the Slave Trade in the Western Bahr al-Ghazal, 1856-1939" in Northeast African Studies, Vol.2 No. II (1990): 75-95.Africa - North; Memory; Slave Trade;
104Sikainga, Ahmad 1998. "Slavery and Muslim Jurisprudence in Morocco" in Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies Vol. 19 (2).Africa - North; Islam;
105Sikainga, Ahmad A. 1998. "Muslim Jurisprudence and Slavery in Morocco" in "Slavery and Abolition, Special Issue on Slavery and Colonial Rule in Africa" Suzanne Miers; Martin Klein (eds) Vol. 19, No. 2, August (1998): 57-72.Africa - North; Islam;
106Sikainga, Ahmad 2011. "The Paradox of the Female Slave Body in the Islamic Legal System: The Cases of Morocco and Sudan" in Hawwa 9 (1), 215–233.Africa - Central; Africa - North; Islam; Women;
107Simour, Lhoussain. 2013. "(De)slaving history: Mostafa Azemmouri, the sicteenth –century Moroccan captive in the tale of conquest" in European Review of History 20(3), 345-365.Africa - North; History; Memory;
108Sommerfelt, Tone (ed.). 2003. "Domestic Child Labour in Morocco: An Analysis of the Parties Involved in Relationships To "Petites Bonnes"". Save the Children, FAFO Institute for Applied Social Science. Oslo: Fafo. Available online: http://www.fafo.no/pub/rapp/370/370.pdf.Africa - North; Child Labour; Domestic Labour;
109Thomas, Chantal 2010. "Migrant Domestic Workers in Egypt: A Case Study of the Economic Family in Global Context" in American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 58, No. 4 (2010): 987-1022.Africa - Central; Africa - North; Domestic Labour; Women;
110Thomson, Madia. 2005. "Like a motherless child: researching slavery in Morocco" in Sudanic Africa Vol. 16, 91-101.Africa - North; Memory;
111Thomson, Madia. 2011. "The demise of slavery in Southwestern Morocco 1860-2000: economic modernization and transformation of social hierarchy". Lesiston. E. Mellen Press.Africa - North; History;
112Toledano, Ehud R. 1998. "Slavery and Abolition in the Ottoman Middle East". Seattle: University of Washington Press.Abolition; Africa - North; Asia - Central; Asia - Middle East; Europe; General; History;
113Toledano, Ehud R. 2007. "As if silent and absent: bonds of enslavement in the Islamic Middle East", New Haven : Yale University Press.Africa - North; Asia - Middle East; Human Bondage; Islam;
114Triandafyllidou, Anna; Maroukis, Thanos 2012. "Migrant Smuggling: Irregular Migration from Asia and Africa to Europe". New York: Palgrave MacMillan.Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; Asia - Central; Asia - Middle East; Asia - South; Asia - Southeast; Europe; Human Trafficking;
115Troutt Powell Eve M. 2012. "Tell This in My Memory. Stories of Enslavement from Egypt, Sudan and the Ottoman Empire". Stanford: Stanford University Press.Africa - Central; Africa - North; Asia - Middle East; Memory;
116UNICEF, 2004. "Understanding Children's Work in Morocco". Understanding Children's Work Project: Country report series, May 2004. Rome: UNICEF. Available online: http://www.ucw-project.org/pdf/publications/report_morocco_draft.pdf.Africa - North; Child Labour;
117United States Department of Labor, 2007. "Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor - Morocco, 27 August 2008". Washington DC. Available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/48caa48132.html [accessed 13 January 2014].Africa - North; Child Labour; Human Trafficking;
118United States Department of State, 2012. "Trafficking in Persons Report – Morocco 19 June 2012". Washington DC. Available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/4fe30ca941.html.Africa - North; Human Trafficking;
119Van Esveld, Bill 2008. "Sinai Perils: Risks to Migrants, Refugees, and Asylum Seekers in Egypt and Israel". Human Rights Watch. Available at: http://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/reports/egypt1108webwcover.pdf. Date access: 08 Dec. 2013.Africa - North; Asia - Middle East;
120Wai, Dunstan M. 1984. "African-Arab Relations from Slavery to Petro-Jihad" in Issue: A Journal of Opinion, Vol. 13 (1984): 9-13.Africa - Central; Africa - East; Africa - Horn; Africa - North; Africa - Southern; Africa - West; Asia - Middle East; History; Islam; Slave Trade;
121Waltz, Terence 2009. "The Fruit of the Africanist Contribution" in International Journal of Middle East Studies, Vol. 41 (2009): 198-202.Africa - North;
122Waltz, Terence; Cuno, Kenneth M. (eds.) 2010. "Race and Slavery in the Middle East: Histories of Trans-Saharan Africans in 19th-Century Egypt, Sudan, and the Ottoman Mediterranean". Il Cairo: American University in Cairo Press.Africa - Central; Africa - North; Asia - Middle East; History; Race;
123Windler, Christian ; Oualdi, M’hamed. 2012. "Esclaves et maîtres. Les mamelouks des beys de Tunis du XVIIe siècle aux années 1880" in Cahiers de la Méditerranée [En ligne], 84 (http://cdlm.revues.org/6588).Africa - North; History; State;
124Wright, John. 1996. "The Mediterranean middle passage: the nineteenth century slave trade between Tripoli and the Levant" in The Journal of North African Studies 1(1), 42-58.Africa - North; Europe; Slave Trade;
125Wright, John 2002. "Morocco: the last great slave market?" in The Journal of North African Studies 7:3, 53-66.Africa - North; Slave Trade;
126Wright, John. 2007. "The trans-Saharan slave trade". Oxon, Ney York: Routledge.Africa - North; Africa - West; Asia - Middle East; Europe; Slave Trade;
127Wright, J. 2011. "Cats, musk, gold and slaves: staples of the northbound Saharan trade" in The Journal of North African Studies 16(3), 415-420.Africa - Central; Africa - North; Asia - Middle East; Slave Trade;